What is Autism Spectrum Disorder

The Know-how Of Autism

Today, we all live in a society where no matter whatever the precautionary measures we try to take, but nobody can ever be sure of the development of their child’s; Mental, Psychological as well as Physical Health. Parents these days are far more concerned about their child’s physical as well as mental health than they were in the earlier days. But still, many evils prevail in society, of which many parents are still ignorant. So, let us just give a go-through to this evil known as ‘AUTISM’


What is Autism Spectrum Disorder?

Autism is also known as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a kind of developing disability that can sometimes be very crucial in the Social, Behavioural & Communication Evolution of a child. However, the thinking, learning & problem-solving abilities of people who suffer from Autism, range from general to severely challenged. Some people with Autism requires a lot of attention from their family members & the people around them or some might be good with just a little care. The Child Rehab Centres also help in dealing with ASD through Special Education Programs, Speech Therapy for Children, etc.

Signs and Symptoms

Several people having Autism generally have issues with their Social, Emotional & Communication skills. They are likely to repeat certain behaviors and might not want to bring a change in their everyday activities. Various individuals with Autism have diverse ways of Learning, Paying Attention, or Reacting to things but they are not to be worried about as they can be cured with some therapies like Speech Therapy, Behavioural Therapy, etc. if treated early & also encompass the overall development of the child. Signs of Autism start from early childhood days and last throughout an individual’s lifetime.

People having Autism may experience these below-mentioned symptoms:

  • Not point their finger at objects to show interest
  • Not look at objects when some other person points at them
  • Having trouble interacting with others or not interact at all
  • Avoid Eye-Contact and generally prefer being alone
  • Have trouble considering other people’s state of mind or talking about their own
  • They don’t like being hugged or might like it only when they want to
  • Seem to be unaware when someone talks to them, but respond to other sounds
  • Are interested in people, but are unable to start a talk, or play, or relate to them
  • Repeat words or phrases said in front of them, or repeat the same
  • Have trouble communicating their needs using typical words or motions
  • Have trouble in familiarizing when a routine change
  • Have unusual reactions to things like their smell, taste, look, feel, or sound


Diagnosis and Risk Factors

Early Diagnosis and treatment are vital in plummeting the signs of Autism as well as civilizing the quality of life for patients & their families as well. There is no specific Medical Test for Autism. It is identified by observing the child & comparing his actions with the actions of the children of the same age group. The Trained Professionals characteristically diagnose Autism by talking to the child as well as the caregivers or the guardians of the child.

If there is a strong concern that the child is showing possible signs of Autism, then a diagnostic evaluation should be performed. This typically involves an interview and play-based testing with your child done by a Psychologist, Developmental Behavioural Pediatrician, Child Psychiatrist, or other several experts.

Scientists do not clearly understand what causes Autism. Some aspects that probably contribute to Autism, including Genetic Factors as well as the Environmental Factors. A child is at greater risk of Autism if there is a family member with the same.


How Does Autism Affect Kids?

Children who are having Autism may not reach similar changing signs as their parents, or they may determine loss of social or language skills.

For example, a 2-year-old without Autism may show interest in simple games of make-believe. A 4-year-old without Autism may enjoy involving himself/herself in activities with other children of the same age-group. A child with Autism may have issues in interacting with others or dislike it altogether.

Children with Autism may sometimes show Repetitive Behaviour, have trouble sleeping, or compulsively eat non-food stuff. They may even find it hard to prosper being deprived of an organized environment or a constant routine.

There are numerous therapies involved in the treatment of a child facing issues of Autism which are Behavioural Therapy, Psychological Therapy, and Special Educational, Light Therapy, and several others as well.


There is presently no cure for Autism. However, research shows that early treatment can improve a child’s development. Early Treatment helps children from 0 (birth)-3 years of age (36 months) in learning significant skills. The treatment can include therapies to help the child to- talk, walk, and interact with other people. Hence, it is crucial to visit an expert as soon as possible if there are symptoms of Autism or other Developmental Issues. Besides, treatment for particular symptoms, such as Speech Therapy for language delays, often does not need to wait for a formal Autism diagnosis.

People with Autism are treated by doctors who specialize in providing Behavioural Development, Psychological Stability, Educational Interest, or Skill-Building. These programs are typically highly organized and thorough and may encompass parents, siblings, and other family members as well.



Frankly, there is no exact research or illustration behind the cause of Autism but still, it continues to be a significant public health concern. Therefore, a person who is anticipated to be suffering from Autism must try to reach out to the specialists and get it treated as soon as possible because Autism is a problem that is very difficult or tedious to be treated after the age of development in a child’s mind has passed.


Share Now